Tongue-tie or ankyloglossia (from the Greek for "crooked tongue") is the condition where the lingual frenulum, the band of tissues that attaches the tongue to the floor of the mouth, restricts tongue movement. In tongue-tied infants, the frenulum is usually attached close to the tongue tip, leaving little or no "free tongue," but it can also be placed further back and be unusually short or tight. For generations, this condition was diagnosed and treated at birth to prevent breast feeding and speech difficulties, but with the decline of breast feeding in the 1940's and 1950's, treatment fell out of favor. With the resurgence of breast feeding, tongue-tie was again identified as a potential problem, and researchers have subsequently begun identifying diagnostic and treatment criteria that are appropriate for supporting breast feeding mothers.
Dr. Ligh visiting Dr. Ghaheri in Oregon to "shadow" and participate in an informational exchange about infant tongue/lip tie releases.